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Comparing and contrasting Christianity and Islam

To illustrate the similarities and differences between the two largest religions of the world, the following chart compares the origins, beliefs and practices of Christianity and Islam. Please note that numbers are estimates and descriptions of beliefs and practices are simplified for brevity’s sake.

The Qur’an, the Muslim Bible, is believed to be the last book of God sent to mankind.

One of the common beliefs in the three religions is the belief in one God. Christians, Jews and Muslims believe that there is only divine God. They also believe that God is the creator of the universe. The three religions follow the instructions of their respective Holy books. For the Christians, they get instructions from the Bible. The Jews follow the teachings and instructions of the Tanakh, while the Muslims follow the Quran. All the religions have divisions within them. There are many divisions within Christianity. The Islam is mostly divided into the Sunni and the Shiite although there are other smaller divisions. Some of the groups within Judaism include the Hasidic and the conservative Jews. The three religions believe in the existence of other supreme beings. They all believe that angels and demons exist. In all cases, the angels represent good tidings, while the demons are messengers or representatives of evil. All the religions believe in the instructions of prophets. They all agree that the prophets are messengers of God, and that God uses them to reveal His will to humanity. All the religions believe that God gave Moses the law. The three religions believe in life after death, where people will be punished or rewarded according to their life on earth. They believe that there is heaven, where doers of good deeds and followers of religion will spend eternity. They view hell as a place of eternal suffering and condemnation. The three religions believe that signs shall accompany the end times. They also believe that a trumpet will sound to announce judgment on humanity. They believe that the end times will not be peaceful since they will be accompanied with wars.

Comparing and contrasting Christianity and Islam ..

Other Muslims believe that the Injil is not a book, but a group of teachings.

Hinduism and Islam confronted each other during the medieval period, with little scope for possible reconciliation between the two, because of some irreconcilable differences that could not be just wished away, especially when one of the two factions involved in it were as uncompromising in their beliefs and practices as the Islamic rulers and nobility. Islam came to India as the religion of the conquerors, while Hinduism remained for centuries as the religion of the vanquished. Most of the Muslim rules who ruled India pursued a policy of religious intolerance, either for the sake of petty and personal politics or to receive the appreciation of other Muslim rules or to present themselves to the Muslim world as upholders of Islamic faith. They indulged in the wanton destruction of many Hindu temples, large scale massacre of Hindus and conversion of many through force and fear. Not all Muslim rulers were cruel. But some of them were excessively so. While the Islamic rulers succeeded in creating pockets of Muslim influence, they failed comprehensively in reaching out to a large section of the Indian population and converting them the new faith, either because the latter shunned them for fear or prejudice or because they remained under the protection of Hindu rulers who still managed to retain political power in areas where the Muslim rulers could not reach.

I. Muslims believe in none but Allah, the one Supreme God and follow only Qu'ran. Hindus worship one God, but in many forms, aspects, incarnations and emanations. They are not particular about the name or the method of worship. They also worship the various gods and goddesses either as the highest God Himself or as an aspect of Him or even as a separate entity. They follow not only several scriptures but also the sayings of several saints and seers.

Comparing and contrasting Christianity and Islam Introduction

Muslims believe all of God’s prophets, who include Abraham, Noah, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad brought the same message of Pure Monotheism.

Although Islam and Christianity seem to have certain points of doctrine in common, there is an enormous difference between them, not only in beliefs about salvation, forgiveness and Christ but in many other areas affecting daily life, human behavior and attitudes.

Muslims believe that this will improve his character and draw him closer to perfection. The light of the living faith will fill his heart until he becomes the embodiment of that faith.

While these differences inherentlyhave their roots in history, truth be told, many Christians and Muslims know little about their religions....
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Contrast And Comparison Between Christianity And Islam ..

Over the centuries, Hindus and Muslims learned to live in peace and amity with each other to the extent possible, despite the gulf that stands between them, in the form of uncompromising religious beliefs and practices that are difficult to ignore. Each side recognizes the onerous responsibility that rests with them in maintaining peace and harmony, in the common interests of all and in the interests of India as one nation. The process of adjustment is still going on. The occasional communal violence that flares up in parts of India between the two communities is a product of the pent up frustrations and mutual animosity in an economic environment of scarcity and poverty, that struggles to survive in the hands of a few fanatics from both sides, in a sea of brotherhood, tolerance, adaptation. mutual appreciation and incredible understanding. There are festivals in which both communities participate with equal zeal. There are Dargas to which Hindus and Muslims pay visit. There are some sects of Saivism with sizeable number of Muslim following. There are traditions in the field of arts, dance, poetry music and singing, in which it is difficult to trace where contribution of one side ends and the other begins. The Indian film industry is an epitome of Hindu Muslim harmony and cooperation, where one can see an astonishingly high level of cooperation and understanding on the part of the writers, directors, producers, actors, musicians and singers from both sides. The world perhaps does not know that whatever animosity that exists between India and Pakistan is mostly political, created by the politicians on either side and perpetuated by them for their own political ends and that there is a great deal of appreciation and understanding among the people in both countries towards each other. The cooperation and true conciliation between the two nations may perhaps have to wait for longer due to the turn of events in the last few decades, but inevitable.

Essay 4 – Comparing Christianity and Islam | Comparison …

India is perhaps the only country where a very large section of Hindus live in harmony with a large section of Muslims, without the compulsion of making any significant adjustments and sacrifices in their beliefs and practices. There are still many issues between the two that remain to be resolved, but overall it is not a gloomy picture, especially when we view it in the context of what has been happening in the other parts of the world. This understanding and synthesis of ideas between the two communities is a product of centuries of interaction and mutual adjustment. It culminated in the development of a distinct culture that is peculiarly Indian. Since it is built on a strong foundation, without coercion, over a long period of time, it survives the vicissitudes of the present day conflicts, which are usually ignited by the uninformed and the ignorant, who are unfamiliar with the ethos of the Indian psyche. Some of the features, concepts and practices that emerged out of the process of integration between the two religions are described below.

Christianity vs Islam - Difference and Comparison | Diffen

To the early Muslim rulers, the native Indians presented themselves as an arrogant and uncompromising lot, who believed themselves to be morally and ethically superior, while to the Hindus the Muslim rulers appeared as perpetrators of religious monstrosity. However such was the political and social conditions of the times and the need for prudence that the barriers to communication and the distrust between the two groups could not be maintained for long. The situation is well described by a modern historian in the following words, ""

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